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2014年7月21日 星期一

[CPP] Unit Test for C++ Usage via Google Test @ Ubuntu 14.04

跟友人閒聊把玩 CPP 的心得,就被推坑到 Google test 啦:Google C++ Testing Framework

看一下簡介就...準備跳槽了 XD

Who Is Using Google Test?

In addition to many internal projects at Google, Google Test is also used by the following notable projects:
  • The Chromium projects (behind the Chrome browser and Chrome OS)
  • The LLVM compiler
  • Protocol Buffers (Google's data interchange format)
安裝:

$ sudo apt-get install cmake libgtest-dev
$ mkdir gtest && cd gtest
$ cmake /usr/src/gtest/
-- The CXX compiler identification is GNU 4.8.2
-- The C compiler identification is GNU 4.8.2
-- Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++
-- Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++ -- works
-- Detecting CXX compiler ABI info
-- Detecting CXX compiler ABI info - done
-- Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc
-- Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc -- works
-- Detecting C compiler ABI info
-- Detecting C compiler ABI info - done
-- Found PythonInterp: /usr/bin/python (found version "2.7.6")
-- Looking for include file pthread.h
-- Looking for include file pthread.h - found
-- Looking for pthread_create
-- Looking for pthread_create - not found
-- Looking for pthread_create in pthreads
-- Looking for pthread_create in pthreads - not found
-- Looking for pthread_create in pthread
-- Looking for pthread_create in pthread - found
-- Found Threads: TRUE
-- Configuring done
-- Generating done
-- Build files have been written to: /path/gtest

$ make
Scanning dependencies of target gtest
[ 50%] Building CXX object CMakeFiles/gtest.dir/src/gtest-all.cc.o
Linking CXX static library libgtest.a
[ 50%] Built target gtest
Scanning dependencies of target gtest_main
[100%] Building CXX object CMakeFiles/gtest_main.dir/src/gtest_main.cc.o
Linking CXX static library libgtest_main.a
[100%] Built target gtest_main

$ sudo cp *.a /usr/lib


試用:

$ vim gtest.cpp
#include <gtest/gtest.h>

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
        testing::InitGoogleTest(&argc, argv);
        return RUN_ALL_TESTS();
}
$ g++ gtest.cpp -lgtest -lpthread
$ ./a.out
[==========] Running 0 tests from 0 test cases.
[==========] 0 tests from 0 test cases ran. (0 ms total)
[  PASSED  ] 0 tests.


測試失敗範例:

$ vim gtest.cpp
#include <gtest/gtest.h>

TEST(MyJob, Action1) {
    ASSERT_EQ(0, 1);
}

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
        testing::InitGoogleTest(&argc, argv);
        return RUN_ALL_TESTS();
}


$ g++ gtest.cpp -lgtest -lpthread
$ ./a.out

[==========] Running 1 test from 1 test case.
[----------] Global test environment set-up.
[----------] 1 test from MyJob
[ RUN      ] MyJob.Action1
gtest.cpp:4: Failure
Value of: 1
Expected: 0
[  FAILED  ] MyJob.Action1 (1 ms)
[----------] 1 test from MyJob (1 ms total)

[----------] Global test environment tear-down
[==========] 1 test from 1 test case ran. (1 ms total)
[  PASSED  ] 0 tests.
[  FAILED  ] 1 test, listed below:
[  FAILED  ] MyJob.Action1

 1 FAILED TEST


測試成功的範例:

$ vim gtest.cpp
#include <gtest/gtest.h>

TEST(MyJob, Action1) {
    ASSERT_EQ(0, 0);
}

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
        testing::InitGoogleTest(&argc, argv);
        return RUN_ALL_TESTS();
}


$ g++ gtest.cpp -lgtest -lpthread
$ ./a.out

[==========] Running 1 test from 1 test case.
[----------] Global test environment set-up.
[----------] 1 test from MyJob
[ RUN      ] MyJob.Action1
[       OK ] MyJob.Action1 (0 ms)
[----------] 1 test from MyJob (0 ms total)

[----------] Global test environment tear-down
[==========] 1 test from 1 test case ran. (1 ms total)
[  PASSED  ] 1 test.

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